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It’s a match!

Field Report - Australia

Category Header_Research copy

As you probably know, the underside of a humpback whale’s tail, or flukes, is the main characteristic used by scientists to identify individuals. In addition, a whale’s dorsal fin can also be used to distinguish individuals and/or help confirm a match. This is why, whenever possible, the research team aims at taking a photo-ID of the flukes as well as the left and right dorsal fins of each individual within a pod.

Collage different fluke shapes II

Photos taken under QLD permits: QS2011/GS040, CA 2014/05/761, and Registration #307.

Dorsal fins vary in shape and form. Some are round, squared, pointy, even very hooked, which with a little bit of imagination, almost look like a witch’s nose. In some cases a dorsal fin might be scarred, for example from a propeller or fishing line, or even missing. Patterns and coloration of the skin on the body are also unique. So much that, occasionally, the conspicuous shape of the dorsal fin and/or the body patterns of an individual will attract your eye and stick in your memory. In those instances, you find yourself giving that particular individual a name that characterizes that special feature.

During the 2013 whale season for example, I took a photo of the left dorsal fin of a humpback whale that looked as if a white oval had been painted on its side, and that some of that paint had started to drip. I did find it intriguing at the time and, in my mind, named that whale “Paint drip”. That day, a photo-ID on its flukes was also taken so its official identification code in Pacific Whale Foundation’s ‘within season’ catalog was HB13021. Simply put, it was 21st individual to be identified in Hervey Bay in 2013.

Left dorsal paint drip 2013 II

Photos taken under QLD permits: QS2011/GS040, CA 2014/05/761, and Registration #307.

This year, while processing the daily photos taken in the field by my intern Lorenzo, I stumbled across a photo of a left dorsal fin that looked very familiar. Could it be “Paint drip”? If so, that would be so exciting. I immediately stopped flicking through the photos as the anticipation and excitement were too much to bear and I really had to double check. I opened the 2013 humpback whale photo catalog, compared the photos, and discovered that the left dorsal fins were a perfect match. I have to admit, being able to remember “Paint drip” after thousands of photos taken and sighting it again this year made my day as I can have issues remembering people’s names at times.

Paint drip dorsals 2013-2014 IIjpg

Photos taken under QLD permits: QS2011/GS040, CA 2014/05/761, and Registration #307.

I obviously had to share the news with the rest of the team. Even more intriguing was the fact that “Paint drip” had been sighted only 3 days apart over the two seasons, on the 12th of August 2013 and 9th of August 2014. Such information is very important for scientists as we learn more about the site fidelity and movement patterns of the East Australian humpback whale population.

The joy soon turned into a big disappointment because there was no fluke-ID, which meant that it could not be officially counted as a re-sight for scientific purposes. Our lucky stars, however, were shining upon us as my intern Tizoc told me he had seen “Paint drip” again the following day and that this time, we had a fluke-ID, HB14030.

Paint drip Flukes 2013-2014 II

Photos taken under QLD permits: QS2011/GS040, CA 2014/05/761, and Registration #307.

Brilliant, this is the first official match between the 2013 and 2014 whale seasons. This is obviously something that we wanted to share with you all.