- Mission & Vision
- Our Core Values
- PWF in The Media
- Board of Directors
- Social Media Outreach
- Join our Mailing List
- Contact Us
- Research History
- Our Research Team
- Research Internships
- Current Studies
- Australia Research
- Abundance, Survival, Recruitment, and Realized Growth Rates of East Australia Humpback Whales
- Calving Rates and Intervals of East Australian Female Humpback Whales
- Connectivity and Interchange Between Humpback Whale Aggregation Areas along East Australia
- Match My Whale - a Humpback Whale Fluke Identification Project
- PWF’s Southern Hemisphere Humpback Whale Catalog
- Rate of Interchange Between East Australia and West Australia Humpback Whales
- Ecuador Research
- Hawaii Research
- Distribution and Accumulation of Marine Debris: Implications for Cetaceans
- Great Whale Count
- Hawaiian Humpback Whale Catalog
- Odontocete Distribution, Abundance, and Life Histories.
- Social Structure of False Killer Whales in Maui Four-Island Region
- Surprise Encounters with Humpback Whales
- Whale and Dolphin Tracker
- Other Projects
- Australia Research
- Donate to Help Fund our Research
- Donate Your Whale or Dolphin Photos
- Migaloo the White Humpback Whale
- You Can Help
- Become a Member / Renew Membership
- Donate Now
- Donation Specials
- Other Ways You Can Donate
- Adopt a Whale, Dolphin, Turtle or False Killer Whale
- Whale Regatta
- Maui Whale Festival Events
- Sponsor Run & Walk for the Whales
- Sponsor World Whale Day
- Made on Maui Fair Vendor Application
- Book an Eco-Cruise
- Choose PWF
- Ocean Store
Open Water Aquaculture
Open water aquaculture, commonly referred to as offshore aquaculture, is a method of commercially farming massive quantities of saltwater fish in large cages in open ocean waters.
If managed incorrectly, openwater aquaculture facilities poses the following threats:
• Escapement: There have been many documented cases of fish escaping from open water aquaculture pins (www.foodandwaterwatch.org). If an escapee is diseased, genetically modified and/or of a foreign fish stock it could potentially disrupt ecosystems by overtaking native fish populations, introducing disease resulting in devastating consequences.
• Water Pollution: Concentrated populations of fishes associated with aquaculture contribute to excess food waste and feces, and leaching of chemicals and pharmaceutical associated with maintenance.
• Over Fishing: Fish feed use in aquaculture facilities often constitutes of wild caught fish. It can take up to six pounds of wild fish feed to raise one pound of farmed fish (www.foodandwaterwatch.org).
Write to your state representative to demand policy and legislation for this emerging technology.
Make informed and wise choices when eating and ordering seafood. Remember- sustainable aquaculture is available!
03/10/2010 (All day)